Allergic reactions to garlic: Asthma and gastrointestinal problems may occur

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In sensitive people, garlic can trigger intolerance reactions and lead to allergies. What symptoms indicate it.

Berlin – Anyone suffering from a food allergy must strictly avoid certain foods. In the EU, the 14 most common food allergens must be labeled as ingredients in both packaged and bulk foods. In addition, other foods are known for their allergenic potential – including garlic.

The bulbs of the plant, originally from Central Asia to northern Iran, are now valued worldwide as a spice and medicinal plant because of their hot and spicy aroma and can cause respiratory problems, gastrointestinal problems and, in very rare cases, even anaphylaxis in sensitized people.

Garlic allergy: These reactions to the bulb are possible

According to the Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR), various allergic reactions to garlic have been described in the literature. For example, inhaling garlic powder can trigger asthma attacks trigger.

In the area of ​​food production, after contact with raw garlic, contact allergies with symptoms such as urticaria (nettle rash) and in very rare cases even IgE-mediated Anaphylaxis (allergic shocks) known. If garlic is consumed in large quantities, it can also lead to gastrointestinal problems such as:

  • Burning in the gastrointestinal tract
  • stomach pressure
  • gas
  • Diarrhea

Pollen allergy sufferers seem to be particularly affected, which is why allergic reactions to garlic are probably a cross-reaction to pollen-like allergens in garlic acts. According to the experts of the BfR However, there is not enough data here to make statements about the spread of garlic allergies.

As responsible allergens in Garlic scientists suspect the sulphurous diallyl disulphide, the arises from alliin by means of alliinase or in rarer cases the alliin lyase.

This article only contains general information on the respective health topic and is therefore not intended for self-diagnosis, treatment or medication. In no way does it replace a visit to the doctor. Unfortunately, our editors are not allowed to answer individual questions about clinical pictures.

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